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Frown lines are caused by the bunching of skin from facial muscle contraction. When we frown, the skin between our eyebrows is gathered into a fold which eventually causes a chronic furrow. This gives our face a frustrated, discouraged, angry look which is distracting to others and a bother to ourselves. Dr Geraldine performs BTA injections, which stop the action of frowning and helps diminish existing frown lines.

BTA is the trade name of Botulinum Toxin Type A, a purified toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. In large amounts, this toxin blocks the nerve impulses to muscles, causing a form of paralysis called botulism.

BTA injections are performed in the comfort and privacy of our medical facility by Dr Geraldine Jain herself. The BTA is injected directly into the specific muscles that cause frown lines. These isolated muscles are temporarily inactivated by the BTA, and can no longer contract. The action of frowning is stopped, and frown lines diminish. The injections produce results which are apparent within a week of treatment.


Before BTA Injection(transmission occurs)                After BTA Injection(no transmission)

BTA blocks neuromuscular transmission through a step process. BTA works to block the release of acetylcholine and, as a result, the muscle doesn’t receive the message to contract.